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【皖枞高中学校】高中英语作文小技巧
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【皖枞高中学校】高中英语作文小技巧

发布时间:2015-04-05  阅读次数:794次

 一:首先介绍一些偷懒小技巧:

1.首先就是very这个单词,可以换成extraordinary!这个单词高中生会用的不多,不用掌握什么用法,就记住用very的地方都可以替换成这个,绝对比用very高级!  然后,however这个单词不知道你们掌握得好不好,教大家一个玩赖的技巧,一个句子+逗号+however+另一个句子,这里面however是没有实际意义的,就是表转折,但你可以用这招把两个简单句捏在一块啊!短句子成长句了!  第三个,第三个,就是把很简单的句子,用一点小技巧,改成比较无耻的倒装句!举个例子,我不光唱歌,而且跳舞怎么说?i not onle sing,but also dance,改动一下,not only do i sing,but also dance.倒装句!

2.important significant!由于怎么说?as a result 应该用什么?as a consequence. 所以怎么说?so?可以用therefore!(别看therefore这个单词简单,知道用它代替so的同学不多啊!)举个例子,I got up earlytherefore i waslate. 类似的替换的单词很多,比如以后set这个单词不要用了,替换成establish 越来越好怎么说? 土人也许会用better and better,牛人只用一个单词:enhance 造个句子 we need to enhanceour English,就等于better and better

3.好怎么说?Goodgreat wonderful,也可以用gorgeous,更好的可以用fabulous,简单的替换一下,水平立刻显现出不一样了。不想要怎么说?土人会用unwanted,牛人用unsatisfactory。改变怎么说?土人用change,牛人用transform。类似的替换技巧有很多。

二.以上的问题解决了,我们来说一下语法,从句。相信很多同学掌握的不是很好,我教大家一些简单的技巧?首先弄清句子的最主要成分是什么?主语加谓语。不管大家写多复杂的句子,一定记住不管写多复杂的句子,没有谓语动词不叫句子!接下来具体地说语法的技巧

·有一个很简单的从句,叫宾语从句,I think that...... 没有人不会用吧,不过我奉劝大家尽量别这么用,老师批10张卷子看到了8张里面有I think that不烦吗?如果一定要用宾语从句的话换一种说法:I have a thought that......别看只改动了一点,同位语从句!同样I hear that谁都会用吧,不过同样谁都会用所以我们不要用!厉害一些的人会用:It is reported that...... 不过真正的牛人用There is a piece of news that 同样的意思,但明显比I hear that要帅!  还有一种从句叫定语从句很多人也愿意用,不过我建议大家不要用,因为其实在英语里,定语从句是种挺笨的句子,没人说的!不过如果大家非要用我教大家一个必杀!很少有人知道的!其实定语从句是可以并列排比的!这招凑字数最好使,写出来也挺酷的。这招凑字数最好使,写出来也挺酷的。举个例子,我喜欢玩篮球,然后篮球有很多种特点,就可以把这些特点用定语从句的形式并列出来:I love basketballwhich is......which is......which is.......其实在上千年前,我们的老祖宗就会这么用了,大家学过韩愈的师说吧,里面有句话:师者,所以传道授业解惑也。这就是个经典的定语从句,翻译过来就是teacher is a job who传道,who授业and who 解惑。写出来大大提升英语水平。

.还有种用法叫后置定语有人感觉挺难吧,其实记住个例子就行了,穿着比基尼的女孩a girl who wears a bikini,变成a girls wearing a bikini就行了,这就是后置定语,很简单吧
三·语法的问题解决了,接下来就教大家一些细节地方上的技巧。

1.首先因为什么怎么说?because 绝大多数人都用这个单词,教大家一个很绝的用法,逗号+for 就可以代替because!举个例子,我总听李孝利的歌,因为我喜欢李孝利:I often hear the songs of 李孝利,for i love her 中间的逗号+for就相当于because,同样,掌握这个用法的同学不多!

2.尽管怎么说?AlthoughIn spite of 举个例子,尽管你是女生你也不能欺负我!In spite of the fact that you are 女生,you can't 欺负 me
时间状语大家掌握的都不错吧,一看到她妈妈,小女生一下就哭了,用when就是土人!直接写seeing her motherzhe girl cried。还有首先是first吧,以后大家可以写first and foremost,和first一个意思,但看上去高深的多。另外,用到这个用法时还可以用到一个简单的插入结构 主语,first and foremost,谓语这就是一个插入结构,我在前面还讲了一个however吧,这个单词放到句子中是没什么意义的,就是为了装酷!同样可以用到这:主语,however,谓语插入结构!有一个句式说:“…for the simple reason that…”表示某种现象的原因是什么。然而,很多同学一谈到原因仍然是“…because…”如果要表示总是能够的概念,很多同学提笔就会写can always,但理想的句子应该是用双重否定表示强烈的肯定,用never fail to

3.注意英语中一些表达上的习惯。比如在正式文体的写作中,很少用 “it isn’t”这样的略缩形式,而是 “it is not”。同理,在正式文体中的日期一般不缩写,阿拉伯数字一般会用英文表达(特别长的数字除外)
4.
许多同学在写作文时,习惯于把 “since” “because” “for”这样的词放在句首引导原因状语从句。事实上,在我们见到的英语报刊杂志文章中,这样的从句一般都是放在主句之后的。另外, “and”也常常被误放在一句话的开头,表示两个句子之间的并列或递进关系。其实,经常留心地道的英语文章能发现,如果是并列关系,完全可以不用连词;如果是递进关系,用 “furthermore”“what is more”更为普遍

四.英语作文中常用的固定句式:

1·表观点:Accordingto(根据)……题目大意……Ibelieve that(我认为) ……你的观点
As far as we know
(我们都知道)……题目大意……from my point of view (我认为)……你的观点First (首先)……second(其次)……at last (最后)……First(首先)……andthen (然后)……inconclusion(最后,总之)
Asfar as we know
(我们都知道)……moreover(而且,此外)……specially(特 别是)……inconclusion(最后,总之)表并列:  similarly同样的 / in the same way 以同样的方式
2
·表转折:however/but但是
3
·表对比:notthat …but that…不是而是…/ one hand….on the other hand一方面另一  方面…/ unlike…不同/not so much….as…与其不如
4
·表目的:forthe……….为了
5
·表因果:therefore因此,所有/ so 所以
6
·表例证:forexample
7
·表假设:if如果
8
·表让步:although…虽然……(注意:后不可接but!虽然但是不可这样连用)/of course 当然…/clearly…显然…allin all(总的来说)……byand large (总的来说)……+inmy opinio(我认为)……nomatter how(不管怎样)……onthe whole(总的来说)

相关过渡语
  1).表示时间顺序:first, then, afterwards, meanwhile, laterfirst of all, finally, atlast…
  2).表示空间顺序:near, next to, far from, in front of, on the left, on one side…
  3).表示比较对照:like, unlike, such as, but, however, on the other hand, on the contrary,nevertheless, otherwise…
  4).表示因果关系:because, for, as a result, therefore, thus…
  5).表示递进关系:besides, what’s more, what was worse, moreover, furthermore, in addition, ontop of…
  6).表示并列关系:and, as well as, also…
  7).表示总结性:in general, in a word, in short, on the whole, to sum up, in brief, to conclude

 .固定词语的替换

   1occur 替换 think of
  SuddenlyI had an idea that someone had broken into my house. →
  Anidea occurred to me that someone had broken into my house.
  Itoccurred to me that someone had broken into my house.
  2devote替换spend
  Hespends all his spare time in reading. →
  Hedevotes all his spare time to reading.
  3seek替换want / look for
  Theysought ( wanted ) to hide themselves behind the trees.
  4average 替换ordinary
  I’man average ( ordinary ) student.
  5but替换very
  Thefilm we saw last night was very interesting. →
  Thefilm we saw last night was nothing but interesting.
  Thefilm we saw last night was anything but boring.
  6seat 替换sit
  Onhis way to school, he found an old lady seated (sitting) by the road,lookingworried.
  7suppose 替换should
  Heis supposed to ( should ) have driven more slowly.
  8appreciate 替换thank
  Thankyou very much for you help. →
  Weappreciate your help very much. / Your help is much appreciated.
  9the case替换 true
  Idon’t think it is the case ( true ).
  10on替换as soon as
  Assoon as he arrived, he began his research. → On his arrival, he began hisresearch..

dueto替换becauseof
  Hearrived late due to ( because of ) the storm.
  12cover替换walk/read
  Aftercovering (walking) 10 miles, we all felt tired.
  13contribute to替换 be helpful/useful
  Plentyof memory work is undoubtedly helpful to English study. →
  Plentyof memory work will undoubtedly contribute to English study.
  14round the corner 替换 coming soon/nearby
  ① The summervacation is round the corner ( coming). Do you have any plans?
  ② Li Ming studiesin a school round the corner (nearby).
  15come to light替换discover
  Thefamily were so pleased when they discovered the lost jewels. →
  Thefamily were so pleased when the lost jewels came to light.

   16.havea ball替换havea good time/ enjoy oneself
  Aftervisiting the workshop, we went back to school. Every one of us had a ball ( hada good time ).
  17come up with替换think of
  Jackis very clever. He often comes up with ( thinks of ) new ideas.
    18
set aside替换save
  Somestudents think that they should set aside some of their pocket money for books.
  19be of + n. 替换adj.
  Theproducts are of high quality (very good ) and are sold everywhere in China.
  20refer to 替换talk about/of,mention
  Theprofessor you referred to (talked about ) is very famous

    21.cannot but / can not help but替换have to do
  Icould not but (had to) go home.
  22more often than not替换usually
  Moreoften than not (Usually), the meaning of many words can be easily guessed.
  23lest替换so that /in orderthat
  Iwrote down his telephone number so that I would not forget it. →
  Iwrote down his telephone number lest I (should) forget it.

24.belong for sth. / be long to do sth. 替换want to do sth./wish for   

I want to see youvery much. → I am long to see you.   

25.be caught up in/becrazy about/be absorbed in/be addicted to替换be interested in He is caughtup in ( very interested in ) collecting stamps   

26.more than替换very

 ① I’m very glad to learn that you arecoming in September. →  I’m more than glad to learn that you are coming inSeptember.  

 ② Ifthere is anything I can do for you, I would be more than glad to help

27.perfect(ly) 替换good/very well  

He speaks perfect ( good ) English./ He speaksEnglish perfectly ( very well ).   

28.do sb a/the favor 替换help

Would you please dome the favor ( help me ) to turn down the radio?   

29.the other day替换a few days ago  

The other day mybrother and I went to the cinema by bicycle.  

30.in the course of替换during  

In the course of(During) the mountain-climbing, please help each other and pay specialattention to your safety.   

31the majority of替换most   

32.consistof替换bemade up of   

Our class consists of ( is made up of ) 50 students.   

33.be worn out替换 be tired / broken  

① After five hours’ non-stop work, we were all worn out(tired).   ② Myshoes are worn out (broken). Please buy me a new pair. 

34.become of替换 happen   What do think hasbecome of ( happened to ) him ?   35attend to替换look after  

36.on condition that替换as long as  

37.nevertheless替换however   

38.express one’ssatisfaction with替换be satisfied with   

39.spare no effort 替换try one’s best to do

40.be rushed off one’s feet 替换be busy in doing   

41.a handful of替换a little / some   

42.meanwhile替换at the same time   

43.get to one’s feet替换stand up   

44.beneath替换under   

45.occasionally替换sometimes /once inwhile   

46.for instance替换for example   

47.48seldom替换not often   

48.wealthy替换 rich   

49.amazing替换surprising   

50as a matter of fact替换infact

 

 

 

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